Original title: Das Konzept der Orgonenergie von Wilhelm Reich
Author: Rainer Mahr
In: Forum der Bioenergetischen Analyse, Number 12, p.65-68, ISSN 0946-8846
Abstract: I show the very serious researches of Reich in biological and physical issues to find out structure and shape of the energy which controls biological and psychic processes of life and human beings. You can read about the history of how Reich discovered 'orgon energy'. Do these concepts have any importance in our discussions of today?
Preliminary Results Concerning the Effectiveness of Body Psychotherapies in Outpatient Settings – A Multi-Center Study in Germany and Switzerland
Preliminary results of an outcome study on routine applications of body psychotheapy in outpatient settings are reported. Out of 38 member institutions of the European Association for Body Psychotherapy (EABP) 8 are participating in this study. At 3 points of measurement (at the beginning, after 6 months, and at the end of therapy) established questionaires (e.g.Beck Anxiety INventory, Beck Depression Inventory, Symptom Check List-90-R, Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-D) were answered by patients. Patients in body-psychotherapeutic treatment (n=157) are compared to other outpatient psychotherapeutic patients with regard to socio-demographic data, level of impairment and psychopathology.
After 6 months of therapy patients (N=78) have significantly improved with small to moderate intraclass effect sizes. AFter two years of treatment, large effect sizes are attained in all scales (N=21), the data base presently available for this latter result still being small.
Results from a multi-center evaluation study of body-psychotherapies are reported.
The design is naturalistic and evaluates the effectiveness of routine applications of body-psychotherapy in outpatient settings. 3 German and 5 Swiss member institutes of the European Association for Body Psychotherapy (EABP: 38 members) participated, the Swiss institutes also being members of the Schweizer Charta für Psychotherapie. At three points of measurement (at intake, after 6 months and at the end of therapy [after two years at maximum]) well established questionnaires (e. g. BAI, BDI, SCL-90-R, IIP-D) were administered. Meanwhile we also have catamnestic data at 1 year after termination of therapy (n = 42). Patients who seek body-psychotherapeutic treatment (n = 342 participated in the study) compare to other outpatient psychotherapeutic patients concerning sociodemographic data, level of impairment and psychopathology. After six months of therapy (n = 253) these patients have significantly improved with small to moderate intraclass effect sizes. At the end of therapy or after two years of treatment at maximum (n = 160) large effect sizes are attained in all scales. These are lasting results according to catamnestic data (n = 42). This naturalistic prospective field study claims to supply evidence for the effectiveness of the evaluated body-psychotherapeutic methods and to classify as phase IV- („routine application”) and level I-evidence.
Bioenergetic exercises and other practices of body awareness
The effect on endurance-sport athletes after a 8 weeks practice
Marcello Zoni Psychologist, Bioenergetic Therapist Parma, Italy (2017)
Bioenergetics is a way of understanding personality through energetic processes, that is the production of energy by breathing, by the metabolism and the discharge of energy through movement. According to Lowen and other doctors, psychologists, and psychiatrists, the mind and body can influence each other: what you think influences how you feel and vice-versa. Thinking and feeling are deeply influenced by energetic factors. Chronic tension and rigidity reduce vitality and lower energy. Stiffness is due to prolonged periods of stress, which the organism faces without any possibility of removing the excess tension. Bioenergetics works may comprehend exercises, which help people come in contact with their chronic tensions and learn how to release them using the proper movements. People who practice these kind of exercises experienced some advantages in their amount of energy, in their mood, and in their performances (at their job or in other activities). These exercises also help improve posture, allow for deeper breathing, and increase self-esteem. However, empirical research on the impact of different types of bioenergetic exercises on adults in general, and especially on athletes, is still insufficient. The study is a small step towards filling the gap. We analyzed the effect of the bioenergetics exercises and of some mindfulness and yoga techniques on the reduction of the physical and mental stress levels. This produced an improvement of athletic performances, of general health conditions, of mood and of some important parameters (Heart Rating, VO2 Maximum, aerobic strength) which are fundamental for the effort required to participate in endurance sports such as running, cycling, triathlon and which also caused a reduced risk of injury. In particular, this pilot study used a mixed method approach, combining a qualitative questionnaire with a pre-test and post-test experiment over two periods, with a control group, in order to understand how an eight week training period, including bioenergetic exercises, yoga, and mindfulness exercises can decrease stress levels, improve joint flexibility and influence health and wellness in a cross-section of professional and recreational athletes. The preliminary results suggested that the training participants experienced a higher level of body awareness, a better capacity to handle the stress and the emotional factors of competition, as well as declaring a lower perceived effort during training and competition. However further research is needed in order to better understand the relation between bioenergetic exercises with other psycho-physical practices and the competitive performances.
Keywords: bioenergetic, stress, qualitative research, pilot study, mixed method
Quantitative Studies including Bioenergetic Analysis [EN]
- Courtesy of the Swiss Society for Bioenergetic Analysis (SGBAT) -
Therapist Effects on Treatment Outcome in Psychotherapy: A Multilevel Modelling Analysis Berglar, J., Crameri, A., von Wyl, A., Koemeda-Lutz, M., Köhler, M., Staczan, P., Schulthess, P. & Tschuschke, V. (2016).
Sensitivity analysis in multiple imputation in effectiveness studies of psychotherapy. Crameri, A., von Wyl, A., Koemeda-Lutz, M., Schulthess, P. & Tschuschke, V. (2015). Front. Psychol., 27 July 2015 Online version: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01042
What do Human Bodies Tell us? In Search of Statistically Significant Empirical Confirmation for “The Language of the Body”. A Study in Bioenergetic Body Diagnostics. Koemeda-Lutz M & Peter H (2001). Bioenergetic Analysis – The Clinical Journal of the IIBA 2002, 13 (1) 77-94. Original Paper: Psychotherapie Forum 2001 (9) 51-61.
Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Body Psychotherapy in Outpatient Settings. A Multi-Center Study in Germany and Switzerland. Koemeda-Lutz M., Kaschke, M.,Revenstorf, D.,Scherrmann, T.,Weiss, H. und Soeder, U. (2006). Pp. 513 – 532 in: Heinrich V (2011, Ed.) Handbook Bioenergetic Analysis. Original Paper in: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie PPmP 56: 480-487 Online version: www.thieme.de/ppmp
Therapists’ Interventions in Different Psychotherapy Approaches: Category and Temporal Aspects. Koemeda-Lutz, M., Crameri, A., Tschuschke, V., Schulthess, P., & von Wyl, A. (2016). International Body Psychotherapy Journal 15 (1), 37-65 .
Searching for Active Factors in Diverse Approaches to Psychotherapy – Types of Intervention and Temporal Aspects – Brief Research Report. Koemeda-Lutz, M., Crameri, A., Schulthess, P., von Wyl, A. & Tschuschke, V. (2016). In Bioenergetic Analysis, 26, 119-136.
Specificity and Pace Variability of Therapists’ Interventions under Naturalistic Conditions. Koemeda-Lutz, M., Crameri, A., Schulthess, P., von Wyl, A., Tschuschke V. (2016 ). International Journal for Psychotherapy 20 (1), 19-50
Effects of sex and gender in ten types of psychotherapy. Staczan, P., Schmuecker, R., Koehler, M., Berglar, J., Crameri, A., von Wyl, A., Koemeda-Lutz, M., Schulthess, P. & Tschuschke, V. (2015). In: Psychotherapy Research • August 2015 DOI:10.1080/10503307.2015.1072285
Fundamental Reflections on Psychotherapy Research and Initial Results of the Naturalistic Psychotherapy Study on Outpatient Treatment in Switzerland – PAP-S. Tschuschke V, Crameri A, Koemeda-Lutz M, Schulthess P, von Wyl A, Weber R (2010). International Journal for Psychotherapy: Journal of the European Association for Psychotherapy (EAP) 14 (3) Nov 2010, 23 -35
Rating Manual for the Objective Evaluation of Therapeutic Interventions of Psychotherapists based on Various Theoretical Concepts. Tschuschke V, Koemeda-Lutz M, Schlegel M (2014). Zürich, Schriftenreihe der Schweizer Charta für Psychotherapie, Bd. 3 ISSN: 1664-395X ISBN: 978-3-9523782-2-9 English German
The role of therapists' treatment adherence, professional experience, therapeutic alliance, and clients' severity of psychological problems: Prediction of treatment outcome in eight different psychotherapy approaches. Preliminary results of a naturalistic study. Tschuschke, V., Crameri, A., Koehler, M., Berglar, J., Muth, K., Staczan, P., von Wyl, A., Schulthess, P. & Koemeda-Lutz, M. (2015). Psychotherapy Research, vol 25, issue 4, 2015, p 420-434. Online version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10503307.2014.896055 + http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10503307.2014.896055
Efficacy of Bioenergetic Psychotherapy with Patients of Known ICD-Diagnosis. A Retrospective Evaluation. Ventling, C. D., Bertschi, H. & Gerhard, U. (2006) Pp 499-512 in: Heinrich V (2011, Ed.) Handbook Bioenergetic Analysis. Original Paper in: Psychotherapeut 2006, 51 (5) 346-353.
Constructing Social Bioenergetic Analysis in Latin America [EN]
The Pan-American Health Organization (known as OPAS/OMS in Brazil) is an international public health institution with over a century of experience dedicated to improving health conditions in the Americas. Its integration with the United Nations occurs when it acts as the regional office of the World Health Organization (WHO) for the Americas. It is also affiliated to the Organization of American States (OAS).
The organization has an important role in the improvement of public health policies and services through the transfer of technology and the dissemination of knowledge accumulated from studies undertaken in member countries. This requires a level of international co-operation between technicians and scientists specialized in epidemiology, environmental health, human resources, communications, services, the control of zoonotic diseases, medication and the promotion of health.
Popular practices closely related to the natural world became associated with the 1960’s counter-culture lifestyle at the same time as the popularity of alternative medicine grew in opposition to self-care and the debate about medicalization gained force.
The principle of integrated medicine is to construct an inclusive paradigm, to bring in what is different. - In the 1970’s what had been termed ‘popular’ came to be called ‘alternative’. - In the 1980’s ‘alternative’ became known as ‘complementary’. - In the 2000’s the integrative concept aims to include these practices in mainstream medicine.
The combination of integrated practices and primary care is a Brazilian model which is being copied in other countries.
With the publication in May 2006 of the Alternative and Complementary Practices Policy, the Brazilian Health Ministry took an important step towards increasing the plurality of health services in the country.
Bioenergetic analysis (BA) has already starting been included on the lists of integrative and complementary practices in some states, which demonstrates both its preventive and a curative effectiveness.
These are some of the social projects undertaken by societies affiliated to the Latin American Association of Bioenergetic Analysis (FLAAB).
The “Grounding” of Bioenergetic Concepts from a Biological Point of View [EN, DE]
German title: Das “Grounding” bioenergetischer Konzepte aus biologischer Sicht
Lecture presented on the IIBA - Conference in Palermo, Sicily, 2013 (Vortrag für den Kongress des International Institute for Bioenergetic Analysis,.2013 auf Sizilien)
Author: Rainer Mahr
According to the bioenergetic concepts everything that happens in the human psyche expresses itself in the body. That means it happens with biological, chemical and physiological processes and it can be influenced by physical interventions. If this theory is true then these processes must be described in biological categories and must comply with them. This paper tries to describe Bioenergetic Analysis from the biological point of view. The biological processes are seen as the base, as the grounding of bioenergetic concepts. The biological processes are not described in detail but somewhat like a blueprint to understand a little bit more what is going on in body psychotherapeutic work.
In (English version): Rome, May 95, Body and Identity, First Clinical Congress of the European Federation for Bioenergetic Analysis-Psychotherapy, p.121-134 Also published by: Societa Italiana di Analisi Bioenergetica (SIAB) Via di Pietralata 147/B Roma, Italy Tel. 0039/6/4510309
In (German version): Forum der Bioenergetischen Analyse, Nummber 1 1995, S: 39-52 ISSN 0946-8846
Abstract: This is my first effort to describe the concept of Bioenergetic Analysis with ideas and concepts of modern physics, biology and physiology. This seems being necessary for Bioenergetic Analysis uses terms of these sciences to describe bodily processes and shows how to modify them. But how they are used is not corresponding to their scientific definition. It is not described what is really going on in the body itself. I focused on the term of 'energy'. I try to show how this point of view is able to develop further the bioenergetic concept. With some ideas of energy from subatomatic level perhaps you can explain with physical and bodily categories the meaing of 'relationship', 'intuition', 'nonverbal communication'. Processes of transference and countertransference will get a 'physical' body. The unity of body, soul and mind will find a new base by the term of 'energy'. The energetic processes on the subatomatic level shows structures similar to those of the mental and psychic ones.
Body-Therapy between Psychoanalysis and Physics [DE, EN]
Original title: Körperpsychotherapie zwischen Psychoanalyse und Physik
Author: Rainer Mahr
In: Energie und Charakter, Nummer 14, 1996
Publisher: David Boadella, Benhard Maul Tel: 030 456 3882 Fax 030 622 7801 Postanschrift: c/o Thomas Stoehr Torfstr.25.D - 13353 Berlin Tel: 030 453 4249
Abstract: Body psychotherapy shows that psychotherapy altogether is involved with the human organism and its processes. We only know about psychic phenomenas by its expression of the human body either by talking or by the body itself. Even comunication with the soul is only possible by processing of the body.
Psychotherapeutic processes are always energetic processes for moder physics says that there is nothing in our universe but energy. Besides you can show that the human processes of life are energetic processes of regulation. So, mental and psychic phenomenas would be energetic processes too.
Efficacy of Bioenergetic Therapies and Stability of the Therapeutic Result: A Retrospective Investigation [DE, EN]
Original title: Zur Wirksamkeit bioenergetischer Psychotherapien und Stabilität des Therapieresultats: Eine retrospektive Untersuchung.
Authors: Christa D.Ventling and Urs Gerhard
In: Psychotherapeut 45: p.230-236 (2000)
Abstract: This report is a retrospective investigation of the efficacy of bioenergetic therapies given to adults in a private practice setting and also a study of the stability of the therapeutic result achieved. In the spring of 1997 a total of 16 bioenergetic therapists (6 of them medical doctors and 10 psychologists), all CBTs of the Swiss Society of Bioenergetic Therapists (SGBAT), provided upon request a number of data on 319 patients who had terminated their therapies after a minimum of 20 sessions 6 months to 6 years earlier. The data included among others age, sex, hours of therapy, main character structure according to Lowen and ICD-10 diagnosis. A self-evaluating questionnaire was then constructed, to be answered anonymously, and sent to these 319 patients in late summer 1997; 290 of them could be reached and 149 (49%) answered and returned the questionnaire. It contained questions related to the psychic and physical condition, to interpersonal and psychosomatic problems, and to the effect of body work on physical consciousness, cognitive insights and changes of the quality of life.
The same questions had to be answered retrospectively for three time points: e.g. for the beginning of the therapy, for the end of the therapy and for the present time, e.g. the time of inquiry. Thus a comparative evaluation of the answers of the first two time points allowed conclusions as to the efficacy of the therapy, while a comparison of the last two time points provided insight into the stability of the therapeutic result. Regarding the efficacy of bioenergetic therapies, the statistical analysis of the returned questionnaires showed significant positive changes in all areas questioned. Bioenergetic body work was judged important and indispensable by about half of the patients. Regarding the stability of the therapeutic result, 107 patients indicated a stable or even improved therapeutic result at the time of questioning (which was 6 months to 6 years after having terminated the therapy). Of the 35 patients who since termination of the bioenergetic therapy had chosen to undergo further therapy, 16 of them elected again a body-orientated psychotherapy, of which 8 chose again a bioenergetic therapy but with a therapist of the opposite sex than the original therapist.