Original title: Das Konzept der Orgonenergie von Wilhelm Reich
Author: Rainer Mahr
In: Forum der Bioenergetischen Analyse, Number 12, p.65-68, ISSN 0946-8846
Abstract: I show the very serious researches of Reich in biological and physical issues to find out structure and shape of the energy which controls biological and psychic processes of life and human beings. You can read about the history of how Reich discovered 'orgon energy'. Do these concepts have any importance in our discussions of today?
Preliminary Results Concerning the Effectiveness of Body Psychotherapies in Outpatient Settings – A Multi-Center Study in Germany and Switzerland
Preliminary results of an outcome study on routine applications of body psychotheapy in outpatient settings are reported. Out of 38 member institutions of the European Association for Body Psychotherapy (EABP) 8 are participating in this study. At 3 points of measurement (at the beginning, after 6 months, and at the end of therapy) established questionaires (e.g.Beck Anxiety INventory, Beck Depression Inventory, Symptom Check List-90-R, Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-D) were answered by patients. Patients in body-psychotherapeutic treatment (n=157) are compared to other outpatient psychotherapeutic patients with regard to socio-demographic data, level of impairment and psychopathology.
After 6 months of therapy patients (N=78) have significantly improved with small to moderate intraclass effect sizes. AFter two years of treatment, large effect sizes are attained in all scales (N=21), the data base presently available for this latter result still being small.
Results from a multi-center evaluation study of body-psychotherapies are reported.
The design is naturalistic and evaluates the effectiveness of routine applications of body-psychotherapy in outpatient settings. 3 German and 5 Swiss member institutes of the European Association for Body Psychotherapy (EABP: 38 members) participated, the Swiss institutes also being members of the Schweizer Charta für Psychotherapie. At three points of measurement (at intake, after 6 months and at the end of therapy [after two years at maximum]) well established questionnaires (e. g. BAI, BDI, SCL-90-R, IIP-D) were administered. Meanwhile we also have catamnestic data at 1 year after termination of therapy (n = 42). Patients who seek body-psychotherapeutic treatment (n = 342 participated in the study) compare to other outpatient psychotherapeutic patients concerning sociodemographic data, level of impairment and psychopathology. After six months of therapy (n = 253) these patients have significantly improved with small to moderate intraclass effect sizes. At the end of therapy or after two years of treatment at maximum (n = 160) large effect sizes are attained in all scales. These are lasting results according to catamnestic data (n = 42). This naturalistic prospective field study claims to supply evidence for the effectiveness of the evaluated body-psychotherapeutic methods and to classify as phase IV- („routine application”) and level I-evidence.
The “Grounding” of Bioenergetic Concepts from a Biological Point of View [EN, DE]
German title: Das “Grounding” bioenergetischer Konzepte aus biologischer Sicht
Lecture presented on the IIBA - Conference in Palermo, Sicily, 2013 (Vortrag für den Kongress des International Institute for Bioenergetic Analysis,.2013 auf Sizilien)
Author: Rainer Mahr
According to the bioenergetic concepts everything that happens in the human psyche expresses itself in the body. That means it happens with biological, chemical and physiological processes and it can be influenced by physical interventions. If this theory is true then these processes must be described in biological categories and must comply with them. This paper tries to describe Bioenergetic Analysis from the biological point of view. The biological processes are seen as the base, as the grounding of bioenergetic concepts. The biological processes are not described in detail but somewhat like a blueprint to understand a little bit more what is going on in body psychotherapeutic work.
In (English version): Rome, May 95, Body and Identity, First Clinical Congress of the European Federation for Bioenergetic Analysis-Psychotherapy, p.121-134 Also published by: Societa Italiana di Analisi Bioenergetica (SIAB) Via di Pietralata 147/B Roma, Italy Tel. 0039/6/4510309
In (German version): Forum der Bioenergetischen Analyse, Nummber 1 1995, S: 39-52 ISSN 0946-8846
Abstract: This is my first effort to describe the concept of Bioenergetic Analysis with ideas and concepts of modern physics, biology and physiology. This seems being necessary for Bioenergetic Analysis uses terms of these sciences to describe bodily processes and shows how to modify them. But how they are used is not corresponding to their scientific definition. It is not described what is really going on in the body itself. I focused on the term of 'energy'. I try to show how this point of view is able to develop further the bioenergetic concept. With some ideas of energy from subatomatic level perhaps you can explain with physical and bodily categories the meaing of 'relationship', 'intuition', 'nonverbal communication'. Processes of transference and countertransference will get a 'physical' body. The unity of body, soul and mind will find a new base by the term of 'energy'. The energetic processes on the subatomatic level shows structures similar to those of the mental and psychic ones.
Body-Therapy between Psychoanalysis and Physics [DE, EN]
Original title: Körperpsychotherapie zwischen Psychoanalyse und Physik
Author: Rainer Mahr
In: Energie und Charakter, Nummer 14, 1996
Publisher: David Boadella, Benhard Maul Tel: 030 456 3882 Fax 030 622 7801 Postanschrift: c/o Thomas Stoehr Torfstr.25.D - 13353 Berlin Tel: 030 453 4249
Abstract: Body psychotherapy shows that psychotherapy altogether is involved with the human organism and its processes. We only know about psychic phenomenas by its expression of the human body either by talking or by the body itself. Even comunication with the soul is only possible by processing of the body.
Psychotherapeutic processes are always energetic processes for moder physics says that there is nothing in our universe but energy. Besides you can show that the human processes of life are energetic processes of regulation. So, mental and psychic phenomenas would be energetic processes too.
Abstract: This report is a retrospective investigation of the efficacy of bioenergetic therapies given to adults in a private practice setting and also a study of the stability of the therapeutic result achieved. In the spring of 1997 a total of 16 bioenergetic therapists (6 of them medical doctors and 10 psychologists), all CBTs of the Swiss Society of Bioenergetic Therapists (SGBAT), provided upon request a number of data on 319 patients who had terminated their therapies after a minimum of 20 sessions 6 months to 6 years earlier. The data included among others age, sex, hours of therapy, main character structure according to Lowen and ICD-10 diagnosis. A self-evaluating questionnaire was then constructed, to be answered anonymously, and sent to these 319 patients in late summer 1997; 290 of them could be reached and 149 (49%) answered and returned the questionnaire. It contained questions related to the psychic and physical condition, to interpersonal and psychosomatic problems, and to the effect of body work on physical consciousness, cognitive insights and changes of the quality of life.
The same questions had to be answered retrospectively for three time points: e.g. for the beginning of the therapy, for the end of the therapy and for the present time, e.g. the time of inquiry. Thus a comparative evaluation of the answers of the first two time points allowed conclusions as to the efficacy of the therapy, while a comparison of the last two time points provided insight into the stability of the therapeutic result. Regarding the efficacy of bioenergetic therapies, the statistical analysis of the returned questionnaires showed significant positive changes in all areas questioned. Bioenergetic body work was judged important and indispensable by about half of the patients. Regarding the stability of the therapeutic result, 107 patients indicated a stable or even improved therapeutic result at the time of questioning (which was 6 months to 6 years after having terminated the therapy). Of the 35 patients who since termination of the bioenergetic therapy had chosen to undergo further therapy, 16 of them elected again a body-orientated psychotherapy, of which 8 chose again a bioenergetic therapy but with a therapist of the opposite sex than the original therapist.