This is the first time papers from a Professional Development Workshop (PDW) have been published.
The 2018 PDW was held in Salvador Bahia, Braziland and the theme of the workshop was “Shame”.
We had a larger group of people presenting as part of their journey to become an IIBA faculty member. What was amazing was that there was very little repetition in the presentations. They looked at shame as it related to attachment, trauma, sexuality, binge-eating, grounding, vulnerability, dignity, children and more; all from the lense of a Bioenergetic therapist.
After hearing the variety, the BoT decided to publish papers from these presentations and share them with our IIBA community in the form of an E-book. A great deal of time and energy goes into these presentations at the PDW. After the workshop the presenters were asked to put their presentations into an article format. This is the result of their work.
Social Work - Meeting Point with black women and men
Maria Cristina Francisco: Clinical Psychologist, CBT from the Institute of Bioenergetic Analysis in São Paulo (Instituto de Análise Bioenergética de São Paulo) since 2008. Psychotherapist in Biosynthesis and coordinator of AMMA Psyche and Blackness Institute (Instituto AMMA Psique e Negritude).
The proposal to create the group came about when we noticed in the clinic the loneliness of black people in the face of the lack of space in the family, friends, professionals or groups to share their suffering lived by the experience of racism.
The present work aims to provide a space of conversation, exchange of ideas and reflections of blackness in order to strengthen identity.
In Brazil little is said about the issue of race relations. The secular experience of racism and the current invisibility of its psychosocial effects are a sequence of traumatic experiences that characterizes the experiences of racism as a psychic and corporal trauma (somatic and energetic). We intend to enable the emotional expression, often disguised, aiding in the understanding and relief of psychic suffering through bodily movements.
Knowing our defensive patterns leads us to aware our chronic muscular tensions.
The individual space is respected allowing the rescue of the unique being in this world.
Lucia Magano, Certified Bioenergetic Therapist and former Local Faculty Member from the Instituto de Análise Bioenergética de São Paulo (Brazil).
The purpose of this project is an achievement of a body awareness group in patients with several mental disorders in long of evolution using adult males and females of ranging ages and several socio-cultural conditions.
This project has been carried out since 2010, contributing with a Reichian device of corporal work which is based on expanding and consolidating the forms of insertion of the Bioenergetics Analysis and contributing to the psychic and corporal improvement of the patients.
Bioenergetics in Human Development and Integrative Care
Alexandre Franca Barreto (Libertas/FLAAB) Professor at Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco in Petrolina/PE, Brazil.
I have been developing social work involving Bioenergetics at public health and education units and in social organizations. The work includes teaching/capacity building and health assistance. Bioenergetics have proven to be a powerful resource in human development and integrative care for the individuals and groups with whom we have been working. Our methodology is based on three principles consisting of building safe bonds, Bioenergetic body work and making room for exchanging and integrating experiences through which we develop a “Pedagogy of life” that does not dissociate technical capacity building and human care and seeks to integrate equally mind and body into practices of care and teaching. For the last five years we have worked with over 1,000 people of varied profiles: public health service users; public health professional; public university students and residents; and members of traditional indigenous populations. Some of the results of this study have been published and the most visible results indicate improved life quality (expressed in different ways through physical, emotional and relational aspects) of beneficiaries and its perceived relevance in public policies.
Online Psychotherapy and its Impact on the Body Approach
Mara Luiza Vieira Ceroni Clinical psychologist (CRP-06/45328). Master's degree in Neuropsychology and Chemical Dependency at the Federal University of São Paulo- UNIFESP. Specialist in Reichian Analysis for the Sedes Sapientiae of São Paulo. Trainee in Bioenergetic Analysis by the Institute of Bioenergetic Analysis of São Paulo IABSP. Integrates the Group of Studies, Teaching and Research in Abusive Consumption and Toxic Behaviors: Objective Relations in the Contemporary of the IABSP. Research and study the relations between neurosciences and psychoanalysis. It develops online activity of attendance, orientation and supervision. Tutor in the harm reduction program in partnership with the Ministry of Justice and the Unit of Drug Dependence (UDED) of the Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP) in the modality of distance education course.
Information and communication technologies (ICTs), which are digital, networked and available to shorten distances and optimize time, are entering the therapeutic setting. The body in the era of liquid modernity (Bauman 2000) is inserted in a context where machines have become an extension of the self.
These second nature relationships can be positive or negative. There has currently been a whole controversy on this subject. Garcia (2016) says that everything depends on how the articulation between humans and machines take place. For the creator of the term “Cyberspace” (Gibson,2003), this is a place where one goes with the mind, catapulted by technology, while the body is left behind. Do bioenergetic analysts know how to make this articulation and keep the body present in the techno Sphere? We receive "uncompleted subjects" in our clinics. We could raise several hypotheses for this phenomenon, but our focus here is on how to approach these subjects, whose main character trait is the absence of a protective armor to confront the outside world. Are they battling themselves? Are they hiding behind a computer screen?
Faced with the increasing number of people communicating virtually and participating in activities that occur in this virtual space, it becomes urgent to discuss new ways of looking at this body and dealing with it through these new technologies. Recent research about the effectiveness of online psychological interventions is mainly done in cognitive behavioral therapy (Sethi et al. 2010).
As several authors are dedicated to studying the online territory and its impacts on identity and behavior, Cyber psychology was created to explain its risks and constraints. Questions become unavoidable: should mobile devices be excluded from psychological treatment? Can online therapy be included in the reality of Bioenergetic Analysis? The present study describes a combination of online and onsite interventions and discusses them through the lens of the body approach.
The Sociedade Brasileira de Análise Bioenergetica (SOBAB), founded in 1981, in São Paulo, has been graduating bioenergetic analysts throughout these years, following the IIBA's orientation and curriculum. Three groups have accomplished the training program and three other groups are taking the course. We are 60 members, among us there are 21 CBTs and one international trainer. The development and growth of our Society has propitiated the creation of other instances besides the training itself, allowing its members to be more involved and integrated. One of the movements started in 1994, when some trainees and CBTs got organized in order to assist the community, offering psycho-theraputic sessions, exercises classes and lectures at a low fee, making Bioenergetic Analysis affordable to a share of the population that might not have access to it in a private clinic. We may not forget about the huge economic and cultural opposites which dominate in our country, where the welfare work has been neglected and most of the population doesn't have private health insurance. The "Life and Movement Clinic" (Clinica Vida e Movimento) was born with the great support of SOBAB's staff, aiming to integrate its members (trainees, CBTs, supervisors and trainers). The Clinic is based on the commitment with service production and continuous reflection of practices that can lead to change the reality we live in.
Bioenergetic exercises and other practices of body awareness
The effect on endurance-sport athletes after a 8 weeks practice
Marcello Zoni Psychologist, Bioenergetic Therapist Parma, Italy (2017)
Bioenergetics is a way of understanding personality through energetic processes, that is the production of energy by breathing, by the metabolism and the discharge of energy through movement. According to Lowen and other doctors, psychologists, and psychiatrists, the mind and body can influence each other: what you think influences how you feel and vice-versa. Thinking and feeling are deeply influenced by energetic factors. Chronic tension and rigidity reduce vitality and lower energy. Stiffness is due to prolonged periods of stress, which the organism faces without any possibility of removing the excess tension. Bioenergetics works may comprehend exercises, which help people come in contact with their chronic tensions and learn how to release them using the proper movements. People who practice these kind of exercises experienced some advantages in their amount of energy, in their mood, and in their performances (at their job or in other activities). These exercises also help improve posture, allow for deeper breathing, and increase self-esteem. However, empirical research on the impact of different types of bioenergetic exercises on adults in general, and especially on athletes, is still insufficient. The study is a small step towards filling the gap. We analyzed the effect of the bioenergetics exercises and of some mindfulness and yoga techniques on the reduction of the physical and mental stress levels. This produced an improvement of athletic performances, of general health conditions, of mood and of some important parameters (Heart Rating, VO2 Maximum, aerobic strength) which are fundamental for the effort required to participate in endurance sports such as running, cycling, triathlon and which also caused a reduced risk of injury. In particular, this pilot study used a mixed method approach, combining a qualitative questionnaire with a pre-test and post-test experiment over two periods, with a control group, in order to understand how an eight week training period, including bioenergetic exercises, yoga, and mindfulness exercises can decrease stress levels, improve joint flexibility and influence health and wellness in a cross-section of professional and recreational athletes. The preliminary results suggested that the training participants experienced a higher level of body awareness, a better capacity to handle the stress and the emotional factors of competition, as well as declaring a lower perceived effort during training and competition. However further research is needed in order to better understand the relation between bioenergetic exercises with other psycho-physical practices and the competitive performances.
Keywords: bioenergetic, stress, qualitative research, pilot study, mixed method
Sensitivity analysis in multiple imputation in effectiveness studies of psychotherapy. Crameri, A., von Wyl, A., Koemeda-Lutz, M., Schulthess, P. & Tschuschke, V. (2015). Front. Psychol., 27 July 2015 Online version: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01042
What do Human Bodies Tell us? In Search of Statistically Significant Empirical Confirmation for “The Language of the Body”. A Study in Bioenergetic Body Diagnostics. Koemeda-Lutz M & Peter H (2001). Bioenergetic Analysis – The Clinical Journal of the IIBA 2002, 13 (1) 77-94. Original Paper: Psychotherapie Forum 2001 (9) 51-61.
Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Body Psychotherapy in Outpatient Settings. A Multi-Center Study in Germany and Switzerland. Koemeda-Lutz M., Kaschke, M.,Revenstorf, D.,Scherrmann, T.,Weiss, H. und Soeder, U. (2006). Pp. 513 – 532 in: Heinrich V (2011, Ed.) Handbook Bioenergetic Analysis. Original Paper in: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie PPmP 56: 480-487 Online version: www.thieme.de/ppmp
Searching for Active Factors in Diverse Approaches to Psychotherapy – Types of Intervention and Temporal Aspects – Brief Research Report. Koemeda-Lutz, M., Crameri, A., Schulthess, P., von Wyl, A. & Tschuschke, V. (2016). In Bioenergetic Analysis, 26, 119-136.
Effects of sex and gender in ten types of psychotherapy. Staczan, P., Schmuecker, R., Koehler, M., Berglar, J., Crameri, A., von Wyl, A., Koemeda-Lutz, M., Schulthess, P. & Tschuschke, V. (2015). In: Psychotherapy Research • August 2015 DOI:10.1080/10503307.2015.1072285
Fundamental Reflections on Psychotherapy Research and Initial Results of the Naturalistic Psychotherapy Study on Outpatient Treatment in Switzerland – PAP-S. Tschuschke V, Crameri A, Koemeda-Lutz M, Schulthess P, von Wyl A, Weber R (2010). International Journal for Psychotherapy: Journal of the European Association for Psychotherapy (EAP) 14 (3) Nov 2010, 23 -35 Download PDF: http://www.psychotherapieforschung.ch/downloads/Tschuschke-e.pdf
Rating Manual for the Objective Evaluation of Therapeutic Interventions of Psychotherapists based on Various Theoretical Concepts. Tschuschke V, Koemeda-Lutz M, Schlegel M (2014). Zürich, Schriftenreihe der Schweizer Charta für Psychotherapie, Bd. 3 ISSN: 1664-395X ISBN: 978-3-9523782-2-9 Download PDF: http://www.psychotherapieforschung.ch/downloads/2015-02-20-RatingManual.pdf
The role of therapists' treatment adherence, professional experience, therapeutic alliance, and clients' severity of psychological problems: Prediction of treatment outcome in eight different psychotherapy approaches. Preliminary results of a naturalistic study. Tschuschke, V., Crameri, A., Koehler, M., Berglar, J., Muth, K., Staczan, P., von Wyl, A., Schulthess, P. & Koemeda-Lutz, M. (2015). Psychotherapy Research, vol 25, issue 4, 2015, p 420-434. Online version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10503307.2014.896055 + http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10503307.2014.896055
Efficacy of Bioenergetic Psychotherapy with Patients of Known ICD-Diagnosis. A Retrospective Evaluation. Ventling, C. D., Bertschi, H. & Gerhard, U. (2006) Pp 499-512 in: Heinrich V (2011, Ed.) Handbook Bioenergetic Analysis. Original Paper in: Psychotherapeut 2006, 51 (5) 346-353.
The “Grounding” of Bioenergetic Concepts from a Biological Point of View [EN, DE] (2)
German title: Das “Grounding” bioenergetischer Konzepte aus biologischer Sicht
Lecture presented on the IIBA - Conference in Palermo, Sicily, 2013 (Vortrag für den Kongress des International Institute for Bioenergetic Analysis,.2013 auf Sizilien)
Author: Rainer Mahr
According to the bioenergetic concepts everything that happens in the human psyche expresses itself in the body. That means it happens with biological, chemical and physiological processes and it can be influenced by physical interventions. If this theory is true then these processes must be described in biological categories and must comply with them. This paper tries to describe Bioenergetic Analysis from the biological point of view. The biological processes are seen as the base, as the grounding of bioenergetic concepts. The biological processes are not described in detail but somewhat like a blueprint to understand a little bit more what is going on in body psychotherapeutic work.
This book is a selection of articles from Bioenergetic Analysis, that range from classical studies written in the Eighties (following Lowen) up to current theoretical contributions and case studies. The more recent articles connect the concepts of relational psychoanalysis with the findings from emotion and infant research, attachment theory as well as neurobiology. The integration of implicit knowing and the importance for including the body in the therapy process is evident in these articles.
The articles demonstrate the broad spectrum of the prevailing concepts and profound therapeutic modalities of Bioenergetic Analysis. Case studies illustrate the concepts and provide practical relevance.
Central themes of the book are: the Self in relation with others, sexuality and love, trauma, psychosomatics as well as the conceptual discussion of the therapeutic process. Studies on effectiveness of Bioenergetic Analysis and body psychotherapy in general complete the spectrum.
With articles by Carol Bandini, Scott Baum, John M. Bellis, David Berceli, Herbert Bertschi, Gabriella Buti-Zaccagnini, Jörg Clauer, Violaine de Clerck, Michèle Dupuy-Godin, Maryanna Eckberg, Us Gerhard, Vita Heinrich-Clauer, Philip M. Helfaer, Martin Kaschke, Angela Klopstech, Margit Koemeda-Lutz, Robert A. Lewis, Alexander Lowen, Elizabeth C. Murray, DIvna Peric-Todorovic, Helen Resneck-Sannes, Dirk Revenstorf, Thomas Scherrmann, Bennet Shapiro, Ulrich Soeder, Ulrich Sollmann, Guy Tonella, Elaine Tuccillo, Josette van Luytelaar, Christa D. Ventling, Arist von Schlippe, Halko Weiss and Virginia Hilton.
Editor: Vita Heinrich-Clauer Publisher: edition psychosozial 539 pages - Format: 148 x 210 mm